Commerce Layer API, explained — Explore our Data Model.

Orders Management

Merchants or users can manage orders from each market in an organization, track and manage customer’s orders in different statuses. In this section, you will learn about order management and the order management system.
Transaction resources and their relationships in orders management

Order management system

Commerce Layer provides users with an order management system. This system allows merchants to manage orders in different statuses and one place. The order management system (also referred to as "OMS") covers the process from when a customer places an order to fulfilling that order.

Users can receive all orders from anywhere (supported markets) and fulfill them in a centralized hub. Users can also integrate any third-party system with ease to automate any workflow or task. The order management system allows users to customize their order management pipeline.

Order fulfillment

An order will initially be created in a draft status. Draft orders act as shopping carts and become pending when the customer adds some line items and their email address to the order. All pending orders will have a payment status of unpaid and fulfillment status of unfulfilled.

A customer will add one or more line items to the cart. The customer will select one of the available shipping methods. The price of applied discounts and gift cards will be subtracted from the order's total amount before checkout. Upon checkout, the customer will add their billing and shipping address. The customer will select one of the available payment method(s) supported in their purchasing market. Existing customers can choose to reuse payment source types used in previous orders or use a new payment source type.

When an order is placed (payment successful), its payment status becomes authorized. After some time, the order will be captured, and the amount is debited from the customer's payment source type. Before payment is captured, a customer can decide to cancel their order. Canceled orders will automatically have their payment authorization voided and payment status of canceled. Captured orders will become approved and ready for shipment. Approved orders will have a fulfillment status of fulfilled when the order is shipped.

A customer can request a refund at any point and for any reason once the payment status is captured. Users can decide to refund payments partially or fully upon request. The market the order is associated with determines the price list, inventory model, payment methods, and all the related business rules.

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