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GLOSSARY

Package

The physical box or casing used to pack the goods ready to be shipped


Since ancient times, if you wanted to transport something somewhere, you would need to use some kind of container (an amphora, a sack, a case or whatever). In other words, you would need a package.

The packages you define are the physical boxes you use to ship your products from a Stock Location. Weight and dimensions of the packages influence the shipping rates applied. The shipping carrier you choose to deliver your goods determine those rates.

A Commerce Layer’s package is defined by:

  • a name (the internal identifier for this resource within your organization),
  • a stock location,
  • an optional code you can use as a reference,
  • the physical dimension of the package itself (length, width, height)
  • the unit of length (centimeters/inches).

These packages can coincide with the ones provided by the shipping carriers. Nothing says you can’t define your set of packages used only by your organization. If they match, you can fill the optional code field with the real code provided by the shipping carrier.

Within Commerce Layer, packages come in handy when you need to split an order into parcels. See the glossary entry related to Shipments for details.

Examples

As before said, dimensions and weight of your packages influence the shipping rates applied to shipments. Let’s have a quick but further look into a couple of aspects.

Dimensional weight

Many carriers now calculate shipping rates based on the dimensional weight.

Dimensional or volumetric weight is a pricing technique for commercial transport. It uses an estimated weight from the length, width, and height of a package. These calculations vary by carrier. It’s worth to consult the carrier for details about their dimensional weight policies.

Small parcels vs. freight shipping

You need to do several considerations between using a small package or a freight carrier. You have to consider weight, location, and delivery urgency.

Small parcel shipments usually weigh under 70 lbs (30 kg approx.) per shipment and shipped in either your packaging or carrier supplied packing. Small parcel shipments don’t transit on pallets. They often move through a small package shipping system (i.e., couriers).

However, it is not always best to use small parcel shipping for certain items. That’s because small parcel carriers usually charge extra for oversized items. Besides, small parcel shipments have a higher risk than LTL ones. They can get lost, damaged, or delayed more easily.

Freight shipping involves diverse modes of transportation:

  • Less-than-truckload (LTL)
  • Full truckload (FTL) modes

These shipments are generally over specific size and weight limits. They travel on secured pallets for easy loading, overall stability, and protection.

In some cases, freight shipping may be the more workable and cost-effective option.


Stock Location